The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top.
Italy also has a sizable underground economy, which by some estimates accounts for as much as 17 of GDP.
Total dependency ratio:.5 youth dependency ratio:.5 elderly dependency ratio: 35 potential support ratio:.9 (2015 est.) total:.5 years male:.4 years female:.5 years (2017 est.) country comparison to the world:.19 (2017 est.) country comparison to the world: 183.6.
2.311 trillion (2017 est.).291 trillion (2016 est.).27 trillion (2015 est.) note: data are in 2017 dollars country comparison to the world:.938 trillion (2017 est.).5 (2017 est.).9 (2016 est.) 1 (2015 est.) country comparison to the world: 173 38,100 (2017.Europe total: 301,340 sq km land: 294,140 sq km water: 7,200 sq km note: includes Sardinia and Sicily country comparison to the world: 73 almost twice the size of Georgia; slightly larger than Arizona.Area comparison map: The World Factbook, europe : italy, area Comparison almost twice the size of Georgia; slightly larger than Arizona total: 1,836.4 km border countries (6 Austria 404 km, France 476 km, Holy See (Vatican City).4 km, San Marino 37 km, Slovenia 218.The government still faces pressure from investors and European partners to sustain its efforts to address Italy's longstanding structural economic problems, including labor market inefficiencies, a sluggish judicial system, and a weak banking sector.These activities are most common within the agriculture, construction, and service sectors.GDP growth is projected to slow slightly in 2018.The Italian economy is driven in large part by the manufacture of high-quality consumer goods produced by small and medium-sized enterprises, many of them family-owned.The shape of the population pyramid gradually custom discount cards evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends.Italy is the third-largest economy in the euro zone, but its exceptionally high public debt and structural impediments to growth have rendered it vulnerable to scrutiny by financial markets.Investor concerns about Italy and the broader euro-zone crisis eased in 2013, bringing down Italy's borrowing costs on sovereign government debt from euro-era records.Italian (official German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area).Christian 80 (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah's Witnesses and Protestants Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million atheist and agnostic 20 0-14 years:.65 (male 4,334,457/female 4,146,726) 15-24 years:.66 (male 3,008,228/female 2,996,854) 25-54 years:.16 (male 12,933,634/female 13,265,541) 55-64 years:.99.In 2015-16, Italys economy grew at about 1 each year, and in 2017 growth accelerated.5 of GDP.Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia 42 50 N, 12.Italys economy returned to modest growth in late 2014 for the first time since 2011.The population is distributed along the horizontal axis, with males shown on the left and females on the right.In 2017, overall unemployment was.4, but youth unemployment remained high.1.
Public debt has increased steadily since 2007, reaching 131 of GDP in 2017.
For additional information, please see the entry for Population pyramid on the Definitions and Notes page under the References tab.